History of the city

VI BC — III CE

The existence in the modern Odessa ancient settlements - Istrian Harbour and Harbour Isiakov.

1415

The first mention of Lithuania's castle and port Kochubeev on the site of modern Primorsky Boulevard.

1789

14.09 - Capture of the Fortress Hadzhibey Russian troops and the Black Sea Cossacks.

1792

Start of construction of the Russian fortress in Hadzhibey.
Dutchman by birth engineer Franz de Volan developed the first regular city plan.

1794

27.05. The Empress Catherine II signed the rescript to build a Hadzhibey international commercial and military port.

1798

Approved by the coat of arms of Odessa.

1817

Odessa received the status of Porto-Franco.

1818

07.01 - Opening of the Richelieu Lyceum.

1854

The Anglo-French fleet made ​​bombardment of the city. The local garrison, being armed with 48 guns, did not give the enemy to make a landing at the port.

1865

May 1 grand opening of the Richelieu Lyceum on the basis of the Imperial University of Novorossiysk.
Open rail links between the city of Odessa and the Baltic States.
He started working around the world celebrated the market "Privoz".

1887

The opening of the new building the Odessa Opera House, built by the Viennese architects F. Felner and H. Helmer.

1925

The yield on the cinema screens of the USSR Eisenstein film "Battleship" Potemkin "of the events in Odessa in 1905

1941

August 5 - Approval of the directive "does not pass to Odessa," the Supreme High Command. Start 73-day heroic defense of the city.

October 16 - Soviet troops left Odessa.

1944

April 10 the troops of the 3rd Ukrainian Front, commanded by Army Gen. RJ Malinowski liberated Odessa from Nazi invaders.

1973


First performed
celebration of laughter - April 1 (birthday Humorina).